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What is CBG?

What is CBG?

Cannabis is an extremely complex and fascinating plant. By now, I'm sure you are aware of the two most abundant cannabis compounds, CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), but did you know there are over 400 compounds found in cannabis, with over a hundred of these in a class called cannabinoids?

In this article we are going to shine a spotlight on one of the lesser known cannabinoids, CBG. Although CBG is classed as a minor cannabinoid, it actually plays a rather major role within the cannabis plant, and it offers many wellness benefits. We believe it deserves more attention. So, what is CBG and how does it work?

What does CBG stand for?

CBG stands for Cannabigerol. It is a cannabinoid (cannabis compound), and is currently being studied for its potential therapeutic properties. In fact, you may be surprised to learn that CBG is actually the parent of both CBD and THC. Without this wonderful compound, CBD and THC wouldn’t exist. 

CBG can be thought of as the 'mother cannabinoid' to other cannabinoids. It’s basically a building block on which several other cannabinoids depend. All cannabinoids start their life as CBGA (the acidic, inactive form of CBG). As the cannabis plant grows, CBGA changes, is broken down, and becomes the base molecule that other cannabinoids form from - it is converted to CBDA, THCA, and CBCA. These compounds are often referred to as 'raw' cannabinoids. Once heated, CBDA, THCA and CBGA become the cannabinoids we are most familiar with; CBD, THC and CBG.

Each cannabinoid has a slightly different makeup and slightly different effects. While THC causes psychoactive and intoxicating effects, CBD and CBG can boost our health, without the 'high'. The other 100+ cannabinoids all do different things, too. 

CBG is safe to consume even at high doses, and offers many benefits. Much like CBD, it’s believed that CBG could counter some of the negative effects of THC such as paranoia and anxiety.

What are the benefits of CBG?

Unfortunately, because CBG has been overshadowed by cannabinoids like THC and CBD, not a lot of research has gone into understanding this cannabinoid and its effects. However, that is slowly changing as people begin to realise the potential and importance of this compound.

What we do know is that CBG interacts with both the CB1 and CB2 receptors within the ECS. CBG also boosts the production of anandamide, an endocannabinoid that naturally increases dopamine levels and responsible for regulating various health functions such as mood, sleep, memory and appetite. 

Also known as 'the molecule of wonder', or 'the bliss molecule', anandamide plays an important role. Deficiencies in anandamide are often linked to mood disorders like depression. Therefore balancing our anandamide levels by taking a CBG supplement could be seen as very beneficial. CBG has also been shown to modulate the fight or flight response.

It also needs to be noted that, cannabis compounds therapeutic properties are most potent when they are taken together. This phenomenon is commonly referred to as the 'Entourage effect'. Therefore, CBG taken alongside CBD is a powerful combination, and when consumed together can increase the positive health and wellness benefits you receive.

Should you try CBG products?

Preliminary research of the cannabinoid CBG highlights some rather substantial health potential, although much more research is needed. At Love Hemp we believe CBG will, in time, be awarded its rightful place among the other more well known healing cannabinoids like CBD and THC.

With all the benefits you can reap and the low risk of side effects, there’s really no reason not to try CBG products. If you’re looking to increase the benefits you receive from your cannabis-based supplement, CBG is a great option.

November 22, 2019 — Tom Rowland